Why Liberals Are More Intelligent Than Conservatives | Psychology Today It is difficult to define a whole school of political ideology precisely, but one may reasonably define liberalism (as opposed to conservatism) in the contemporary United States as the genuine concern for the welfare of genetically unrelated others and the willingness to contribute larger proportions of private resources for the welfare of such others. ... Given its absence in the contemporary hunter-gatherer tribes, which are often used as modern-day analogs of our ancestral life, it may be reasonable to infer that sharing of resources with total strangers that one has never met or is not likely ever to meet ‚Äď that is, liberalism ‚Äď was not part of our ancestral life. Liberalism may therefore be evolutionarily novel, and the Hypothesis would predict that more intelligent individuals are more likely than less intelligent individuals to espouse liberalism as a value. ... For example, among the American sample, those who identify themselves as ‚Äúvery liberal‚ÄĚ in early adulthood have a mean childhood IQ of 106.4, whereas those who identify themselves as ‚Äúvery conservative‚ÄĚ in early adulthood have a mean childhood IQ of 94.8.